Hopewell Pipe and Culture Links

Hopewell Platform Effigy Pipes in Illinois: : Pictures and time lines.
Ohio Archeology: : Pipes, birdstones, spuds, and more.
Mid-continental Journal of Archeology: : The migration of pipe materials
Ohio Archeology: : Mound finds including Tremper Mounds
Ohio Historical Society: : Hopewell Culture
The Metropolitan Museum of Art: : Hopewell Culture
The Mound City National Monument Group: Interpreting the Mound City Group
2002 Midwest Archeological Conference: : Hopewell Culture and identifying source of Hopewell Pipe material.
Hopewell Earthworks and Artifacts:
One Pipeís story: Grandpa's Pipe: with a little history on Hopewell pipes in general. Very well done.
The Mound Builders:
The Mackinaw River Cache: : From Mackinaw, IL. : Some claim the most perfect points ever made!

"Where are the Buffalo Gone"

The Great Chief in Washington sends word that he wishes to buy our land. How can you buy or sell the sky? The warmth of the land. The idea is strange to us. Yet we do not own the freshness of the air or the sparkle of the water. How can you buy them from us? Every part of this earth is sacred to my people.

We know that white man does not understand our ways. One portion of the land is the same to him as the next, for he is a stranger who comes in the night and takes from the land whatever he needs. The earth is not his brother but his enemy and when he has conquered it he moves on. He leaves his fathersí graves and his childrenís birthright is forgotten.

There is no quiet place in the white manís cities. No place to hear the leaves of spring or the rustle of insect wings. But perhaps because I am a savage and do not understand - the clatter only seems to insult the ears. And what is there to life if a man cannot hear the lovely cry of the whippoorwill or the arguments of the frog around the pond at night?

The Whites too shall pass, perhaps sooner than other tribes. Continue to contaminate your bed and you will one night suffocate in your own waste. When the buffalo are all slaughtered, the wild horses all tamed, the secret corners of the forest heavy with the scent of many men, and the view of the ripe hills blotted by talking wires. Where is the eagle? Gone. Where is the buffalo? Gone. And what is it to say goodbye to the swift and the hunt, the end of living and the beginning of survival.

Chief Seattle to President Franklin Pierce, 1855

More Links to Native American History and Culture

Ohio Historical Society - Fort Hill: Visit a prehistoric Hopewell enclosure.
Dickson Mounds Museum : As a part of the Illinios State Museum, this site serves as an education and research center.
Emerald Mound: One of the largest ceremonial mounds in the U.S.
The Mississippian and Late Prehistoric Period: A.D. 900 - 1700: Links to the Mississippian Period Sites and a history of their culture.
The Maass Home Page: Links to my collections of Native Americana.
Stone Age Reference Collection: A guide to the typology and raw materials of the stone age cultures and identification of stone age artifiacts.